The development of progressivism in the early 20th century

The real enemy was particularism, state rights, limited government. Precisely if paradoxically because of the malleability of the idea of Progressive educational reform, it was possible for both pedagogical and administrative Progressives to advance their radically different agendas in the name of democracy during the first several decades of the twentieth century.

The interest in the efficient management of bureaucratic school systems and students was strengthened further by developments in educational psychology and intelligence testing.


Most children stayed at school until 16, 17, or even 18 years of age, and a substantial fraction spent at least two years at college. Inthe Progressive Education Association was founded. It was for these reasons that the Progressive education movement broke from pedagogical traditionalists organized around the seemingly outmoded and antidemocratic ideas of drill, discipline, and didactic exercises.

Progressives turned to educational researchers to evaluate the reform agenda by measuring numerous aspects of education, later leading to standardized testing. Progressive education did not entirely disappear, however.

The Progressive Movement

They asked the teacher to help educate heroic individuals who would project daring visions of the future and work courageously to realize them.

When Roosevelt left the Republican Party inhe took with him many of the intellectual leaders of progressivism, but very few political leaders. The progressive spirit also was evident in new amendments added to the Constitution textwhich provided for a new means to elect senatorsprotect society through prohibition and extend suffrage to women.

Progressivism in the United States

The foundations for this trilogy were laid by so-called progressive education movements supporting child-centred education, scientific-realist education, and social reconstruction. Such reforms as the direct primary, secret ballot, and the initiativereferendumand recall were effected.

The growing affluence of masses of the population in high-income areas in North America and Europe brought about, particularly after World War IIa tremendous demand for secondary and higher education. Powerful school boards—often comprising elite business and civic leaders—hired professionally trained school superintendents to implement policies and to oversee the day-to-day operations of these vast educational systems.

This growth was sustained partly by the industrial requirements of modern scientific technology. The federal government should allow these companies to exist but regulate them for the public interest.

The needs of African Americans and Native Americans were poorly served or served not at all — a major shortcoming of the progressive movement.

Ethington seconds this high view of direct democracy saying: Thorndike attempted to apply the methods of exact science to the practice of psychology. This initiative failed, with child labor laws being enacted anyway. Founded in by a committee of educators and business and industrial leaders, the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education NSPIE helped organize vocational education programs in high schools around the country during the first several decades of the twentieth century.

Such enduring legacies of the Progressive Era continue to interest historians. He believed that students of higher intellect formed more and better bonds more quickly than students of lower intellect.

A major push for change, the First Reform Era, occurred in the years before the Civil War and included efforts of social activists to reform working conditions and humanize the treatment of mentally ill people and prisoners.the development of administrative and pedagogical progressivism in early 20th century American education.

the extent to which the Gary Plan was driven by administrative efficiency and/or pedagogical progressivism. The Progressive education movement was an integral part of the early twentieth-century reform impulse directed toward the reconstruction of American democracy through social, as well as cultural, uplift.

From Populism to Progressivism Objectives • How the platform and leaders of the Populist Party influenced the presidential election of and. Progressivism was the reform movement that ran from the late 19th century through the first decades of the 20th century, during which leading intellectuals and social reformers in.

Start studying progressivism: early 20th century. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Social Movements and Progressivism economic justice on the development of progressivism.

Educators: What The 20th Century Progressive Education Movement Did For You

the seeds of the great civil rights triumphs of the 20th century came from within progressivism.

The development of progressivism in the early 20th century
Rated 3/5 based on 62 review